In 1827, Ioannis Kapodistrias, from Corfu, was chosen by the Third National Assembly at Troezen as the first governor of the First Hellenic Republic. Of the non-citizen residents, 48,560 were EU or European Free Trade Association nationals and 17,426 were Cypriots with privileged status. / Tiefe: Entfernung: Epizenter: Sat, 14 Nov 2020 (GMT) 14 Nov 2020 22:05:43 GMT: 2.3. [252] However, today's fleet roster is smaller than an all-time high of 5,000 ships in the late 1970s. Ganze Karte anzeigen. There are also State Non-University Tertiary Institutes offering vocationally oriented courses of shorter duration (2 to 3 years) which operate under the authority of other Ministries. Railway connections play a somewhat lesser role in Greece than in many other European countries, but they too have also been expanded, with new suburban/commuter rail connections, serviced by Proastiakos around Athens, towards its airport, Kiato and Chalkida; around Thessaloniki, towards the cities of Larissa and Edessa; and around Patras. [281] By 2016, the proportion of the population age 65 and older had risen to 20.68 percent, while the proportion of those aged 14 and younger declined to slightly below 14 percent. [175] Additionally, Greek males between the ages of 18 and 60 who live in strategically sensitive areas may be required to serve part-time in the National Guard. The Capodistrian University of Athens is the oldest university in the eastern Mediterranean. The ancient community of Greek Jews are called Romaniotes, while the Sephardi Jews were once a prominent community in the city of Thessaloniki, numbering some 80,000, or more than half of the population, by 1900. As they can accept both Gymnasio (lower secondary school) and Lykeio (upper secondary school) graduates, these institutes are not classified as offering a particular level of education. Amidst general dissatisfaction with the seeming inertia and unattainability of national aspirations under the premiership of the cautious reformist Theotokis, a group of military officers organised a coup in August 1909 and shortly thereafter called to Athens Cretan politician Eleftherios Venizelos, who conveyed a vision of national regeneration. Modern digital information and communication networks reach all areas. [106] A year later, he was replaced by Prince Wilhelm (William) of Denmark, who took the name George I and brought with him the Ionian Islands as a coronation gift from Britain. Time: Mag. [269] 3G/4G mobile internet usage has been on a sharp increase in recent years. Tsipras called snap elections in August 2015, resigning from his post, which led to a month-long caretaker administration headed by judge Vassiliki Thanou-Christophilou, Greece's first female prime minister. The Byzantine painting concentrated mainly on icons and hagiographies. Seven decentralised administrations group one to three regions for administrative purposes on a regional basis. The survey also found that just 3.5% never attend a church, compared to 4.9% in Poland and 59.1% in the Czech Republic. [83] After the fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans in 1453, the Morea was one of the last remnants of the Byzantine Empire to hold out against the Ottomans. 14 further sites are on the tentative list, awaiting nomination.[265]. [254] In recent years, Greece has also become a leader in the construction and maintenance of luxury yachts.[255]. [71], Until the 8th century almost all of modern Greece was under the jurisdiction of the Holy See of Rome according to the system of Pentarchy. While the new technique of polyphony was developing in the West, the Eastern Orthodox Church resisted any type of change. [271], Although lower than the EU average of 1.93 percent, between 1990 and 1998, total R&D expenditure in Greece enjoyed the third-highest increase in Europe, after Finland and Ireland. Karte von Griechenland, Urlaub in Insel Andros, Griechenland Cyclades,, GERMAN [76] During the Paleologi dynasty (1261–1453) a new era of Greek patriotism emerged accompanied by a turning back to ancient Greece. The most successful songs during the period 1870–1930 were the so-called Athenian serenades, and the songs performed on stage (επιθεωρησιακά τραγούδια 'theatrical revue songs') in revue, operettas and nocturnes that were dominating Athens' theater scene. This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 17:20. [225] A second bail-out amounting to €130 billion ($173 billion) was agreed in 2012, subject to strict conditions, including financial reforms and further austerity measures. Greek literature can be divided into three main categories: Ancient, Byzantine and modern Greek literature.[345]. Lyrical poetry, odes, pastorals, elegies, epigrams; dramatic presentations of comedy and tragedy; historiography, rhetorical treatises, philosophical dialectics, and philosophical treatises all arose in this period. Greece, or Hellas, is situated on the southern part of the Balkans, ideal for your next greece holiday. These merchants came to dominate trade within the Ottoman Empire, establishing communities throughout the Mediterranean, the Balkans, and Western Europe. It shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. Greece, or Hellas, is known all over the world for its history and the beauty of the Greek islands. [35] These civilizations possessed writing, the Minoans using an undeciphered script known as Linear A, and the Mycenaeans writing the earliest attested form of Greek in Linear B. XIII-XVIII", "Genocide Resolution approved by Swedish Parliament", Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-Christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia during World War I, "A Few Words in Greek Tell of a Homeland Lost", "Christians in Turkey: The Diaspora Welcomes the Pope", "The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency", "UNITED NATIONS GROUP OF EXPERTS ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES: Working Paper No. Some notable films include The Drunkard (1950, directed by George Tzavellas), The Counterfeit Coin (1955, by Giorgos Tzavellas), Πικρό Ψωμί (1951, by Grigoris Grigoriou), O Drakos (1956, by Nikos Koundouros), Stella (1955, directed by Cacoyannis and written by Kampanellis), Woe to the Young (1961, by Alekos Sakellarios), Glory Sky (1962, by Takis Kanellopoulos) and The Red Lanterns (1963, by Vasilis Georgiadis). Along with the Byzantine (Church) chant and music, the Greek people also cultivated the Greek folk song (Demotiko) which is divided into two cycles, the akritic and klephtic. 72053 Elounda Kreta Griechenland. Children start primary school aged six and remain there for six years. Modern Greek literature refers to literature written in common Modern Greek, emerging from late Byzantine times in the 11th century. The Greek economy had fared well for much of the 20th century, with high growth rates and low public debt[203]). [203][229] This had a critical effect: the Debt-to-GDP ratio, the key factor defining the severity of the crisis, would jump from its 2009 level of 127% to about 170%, solely due to the shrinking economy. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 2. Geographische Begrenzung der Karte: Equirectangular projection, N/S stretching 120 %. According to Greek law, every Sunday of the year is a public holiday. Interessantes in der Nähe. [195], With an economy larger than all the other Balkan economies combined, Greece is the largest economy in the Balkans,[196][197][198] and an important regional investor. Indigenous Greek dialects include the archaic Greek spoken by the Sarakatsani, traditionally transhument mountain shepherds of Greek Macedonia and other parts of Northern Greece. [45][46] A second invasion by the Persians followed in 480 BC. It uses some flavorings more often than other Mediterranean cuisines: oregano, mint, garlic, onion, dill and bay laurel leaves. Under the junta, civil rights were suspended, political repression was intensified, and human rights abuses, including state-sanctioned torture, were rampant. Widespread investments in industrial enterprises and heavy infrastructure, as well as funds from the European Union and growing revenues from tourism, shipping, and a fast-growing service sector raised the country's standard of living to unprecedented levels. A new period of philosophy started with Socrates. Size of this PNG preview of this SVG file: This SVG map has been made or improved in the German, (SVG file, nominally 1,003 × 825 pixels, file size: 833 KB). Olive oil is added to almost every dish. For example, many municipalities have a "Patron Saint" parallel to "Name Days", or a "Liberation Day". Griechenland ist (noch) kein klassisches Campingland wie zum Beispiel Holland, Deutschland, Frankreich oder Italien. [300][301][302] Hellenism refers to various religious movements that continue, revive, or reconstruct ancient Greek religious practices. Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of 2018; Athens is its largest and capital city, followed by Thessaloniki. The first textual evidence of the Greek language dates back to 15th century BC and the Linear B script which is associated with the Mycenaean Civilization. Extensive plains are primarily located in the regions of Thessaly, Central Macedonia and Thrace. Olympiacos is the most successful volleyball club in the country having won the most domestic titles and being the only Greek club to have won European titles; they have won two CEV Cups, they have been CEV Champions League runners-up twice and they have played in 12 Final Fours in the European competitions, making them one of the most traditional volleyball clubs in Europe. Discrimination against Christians, particularly when combined with harsh treatment by local Ottoman authorities, led to conversions to Islam, if only superficially. Led by Athens and Sparta, the Greek victories in the Greco-Persian Wars are considered a pivotal moment in world history,[47] as the 50 years of peace that followed are known as the Golden Age of Athens, the seminal period of ancient Greek development that laid many of the foundations of Western civilization. … Especially in Crete, a prolonged revolt in 1866–1869 had raised nationalist fervour. Every year hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the world come to Greece to have there greece summer vacations on the mainland or on one of the Greek islands. Rare marine species such as the pinniped seals and the loggerhead sea turtle live in the seas surrounding mainland Greece, while its dense forests are home to the endangered brown bear, the Eurasian lynx, the roe deer and the wild goat. There was a 25% drop in Greece's GDP, connected with the bailout programmes. The Greek islands are traditionally grouped into the following clusters: the Argo-Saronic Islands in the Saronic gulf near Athens, the Cyclades, a large but dense collection occupying the central part of the Aegean Sea, the North Aegean islands, a loose grouping off the west coast of Turkey, the Dodecanese, another loose collection in the southeast between Crete and Turkey, the Sporades, a small tight group off the coast of northeast Euboea, and the Ionian Islands, located to the west of the mainland in the Ionian Sea. [328] Icaria is subsequently classified as a "blue zone", a region where people allegedly live longer than average and have lower rates of cancer, heart disease, or other chronic illnesses. In 1914 the Asty Films Company was founded and the production of long films began. The term is ultimately derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *ǵerh₂-, "to grow old". This percentage in April reached 42%. [203] The Greek crisis was triggered by the turmoil of the 2007–2009 Great Recession, which led the budget deficits of several Western nations to reach or exceed 10% of GDP. [92][93] On the other side, many Greeks were conscripted as Ottoman citizens to serve in the Ottoman army (and especially the Ottoman navy), while also the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, responsible for the Orthodox, remained in general loyal to the empire. As a member of NATO, the Greek military participates in exercises and deployments under the auspices of the alliance, although its involvement in NATO missions is minimal. More recently Yorgos Lanthimos (film and stage director, producer, and screenwriter) has received four Academy Award nominations for his work, including Best Foreign Language Film for Dogtooth (2009), Best Original Screenplay for The Lobster (2015), and Best Picture and Best Director for The Favourite (2018). The system is mixed, combining a national health service with social health insurance (SHI). [129][130] The Greek Resistance, one of the most effective resistance movements in Europe, fought vehemently against the Nazis and their collaborators. Today, its activities cover several fields of science and engineering. Members of these groups usually identify ethnically as Greek[309] and are today all at least bilingual in Greek. In addition to the national holidays, there are public holidays that are not celebrated nationwide, but only by a specific professional group or a local community. Kirche der Heiligen Konstantin und Helena. In the 20th century, Greek composers have had a significant impact on the development of avant garde and modern classical music, with figures such as Iannis Xenakis, Nikos Skalkottas, and Dimitri Mitropoulos achieving international prominence. [262] In 2010, the most visited region of Greece was that of Central Macedonia, with 18% of the country's total tourist flow (amounting to 3.6 million tourists), followed by Attica with 2.6 million and the Peloponnese with 1.8 million.